Flora of The Bahamas

There are 1400 species of vascular plants in the Bahamian Archipelago (Correll and Correll 1982 and Acevedo 2012). The Preserve now hosts 410 native species of vascular plants including 46 of the 89 endemic species known to occur in the islands (Freid et. al. 2014).

The original survey of the property listed 171 species as naturally occurring on the site. Since then there has been an additional 239 species (~140 % increase) added to the list of the Preserves living collections. The increase in species number is due to a closer examination of the site revealing additional species as naturally occurring as well as live plant and seed collections from Abaco, Andros, Crooked, Exumas, Grand Bahama, Inagua, Long Island, New Providence, and elsewhere on Eleuthera.  Twenty-one non-native fruiting trees, shrubs, and herbs are contained in the Edible History section.

Browse the links in the right-hand column to get information on plants found at the Preserve.

Common NameScientific NameProfile
Five Finger
Tabebuia bahamensis
View Species
Rufous Orchid
Encyclia rufa
View Species
Pigeon PlumCoccoloba diversifolia
View Species
Whisk FernPsilotum nudum
View Species
Golden CreeperErnodea littoralis
View Species
Giant FernAcrostichum danaeifolium
View Species
Porter WeedPhyla nodiflora
View Species
Wild TamarindLysiloma latisilliquum
View Species
Horse BushGundlachia corymbosa
View Species
CoontiZamia pumila
View Species
ButtonwoodConocarpus erectus
View Species
Silver Top PalmCoccothrinax argentata
View Species
Ming TreeBucida spinosa
View Species
Spanish StopperEugenia foetida
View Species
Sabal PalmSabal palmetto
View Species
Serpent FernPhlebodium aureum
View Species
Black MangroveAvicennia germinans
View Species
Red MangroveRhizophora mangle
View Species
White MangroveLaguncularia racemosa
View Species
Silvery Wild PineTillandsia circinnata
View Species
Bull VineCissus intermedia
View Species
Mealy Wild PineCatopsis berteroniana
View Species
Florida Strap AirplantCatopsis floribunda
View Species
Lesser Yellow Spike OrchidPolystachya foliosa
View
Species
Fehling's EncycliaEncyclia fehlingii
View Species
False CocaineErythroxylum areolatum
View Species
Ram's HornPithecellobium keyense
View Species
CinnecordAcacia choriophylla
View Species
Pain-in-backTrema lamarckianum
View Species
Box BriarRandia aculeata
View Species
Darling PlumReynosia septentrionalis
View Species
Cough BushNeurolaena lobata
View Species
Shephard's NeedleBidens alba
View Species
White SageLantana involucrata
View Species
Bahama SageLantana bahamensis
View Species
Bahama ButtercupTurnera ulmifolia
View Species
AloeAloe vera
View Species
Scurgeons needleOpuntia cochenillifera
View Species
Short-leaved FigFicus citrifolia
View Species
Sword BushPhyllanthus epiphyllanthus
View Species
Obeah BushStemodia maritima
View Species
Blue FlowerStachytarpheta jamaicensis
View Species
Bahama SennaCassia chapmanii
View Species
Bay GeraniumAmbrosia hispida
View Species
Lignum VitaeGuaiacum sanctum
View Species
Thatch PalmThrinax morrisii
View Species
MahoganySwietenia mahagoni

View Species
Jack-Ma-DaKoanophyllon villosum
View Species
Life LeafKalanchoe pinnata
View Species
DillAntheum gravelons
View Species
SnakerootPicramnia pentandra
View Species
Lemon GrassCymbopogon flexuosus
View Species
White TorchAmyris elemifera
View Species
Mexican PoppyArgemone mexicana
View Species
Goat weedCapraria biflora
View Species
Wooley BoogerCorchorus hirsutus
View Species
Cancer TreeJacaranda coerulea
View Species
Sea GrapeCoccoloba uvifera
View Species
CascarillaCroton eluteria
View
White StopperEugenia axillaris
View Species
PrincewoodExostema caribaeum
View Species
Naked WoodMyrcianthes fragrans
View Species
Vanilla OrchidVanilla barbellata
View Species
Castor BeanRicinus communis
View Species
Young ManchineelGrimmeodendron eglandulosum
View Species
ManchineelHippomane mancinella
View Species
Poison WoodMetopium toxiferum
View Species
Satin LeafChrysophyllum oliviforme
View Species
Golden FigFicus aurea
View
RauvolfiaRauvolfia nitida
View Species
Common Prickly PearPear Opuntia stricta
View Species
Millspaugh's PricklyPear Consolea millspaughii
View Species
Night Blooming CereusHylocereus undatus
View Species
Bahama Century PlantAgave bahamana
View Species
HorsefleshLysiloma sabicu
View Species