Bahama Century Plant

Agave bahamana
Agave bahamana Trel.

Common Names: Bahama Century Plant

Family: Asparagaceae

Habit: Agave bahamana grows as an acaulescent, semi succulent shrub. The leaves are arranged in a basal rosette producing new leaves from the center every year. The leaves are grayish green, up to 2 meters in length, 20 cm wide and develop an involute groove with age. The leaf apex is modified into a stout spine and the leaf margin is prickled along the upper edge to nearly lacking.

The actinomorphic flowers are arranged in a terminal panicle to 12 meters in height. The calyx has 3 unfused green sepals. The corolla has 3 yellow, unfused petals. There are 6 unfused stamens. The superior ovary has 3 locules and numerous seeds. The fruit is a light brown capsule at maturity. The plant uses the entire apical meristem during flowering and will die off after the fruits become mature.

Habitat: Agave bahamana grows in a sand substrate on beach dunes and on limestone in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Woodland (Scrubland)

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Agave bahamana occurs in the central and northern island groupings of the Bahamian Archipelago and is considered endemic.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Agave bahamana is not used medicinally in the Bahamas.